About Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is trauma or damage that results in temporary or permanent changes in the spinal cord's normal motor, sensory, or autonomic function. 

Frequent causes of SCI include motor vehicle crashes, falls, acts of violence (gunshot wounds), and sports and recreational activities. 

The effects of SCI depend on the type of injury and the level of the injury.                                WN 5

SCI can be divided into two types of injury – complete and incomplete:

  • A complete injury means that there is no sensation or voluntary movement below the level of the injury.

  • An incomplete injury means that there is some functioning below the primary level of the injury. A person with an incomplete injury  may be able to move one or more limbs or may be able to feel parts of the body that cannot be moved.


According to the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation, nearly 1 person in 50 is living with paralysis.

To learn more: Visit Arizona Spinal Cord Injury Association.

To connect with the national network of people living with paralysis, visit the Paralysis Resource Center at the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation.


 Additional Resources for SCI and Paralysis!

Here are additional resources related to spinal cord injury, spinal cord disorders, and paralysis.

United Spinal Association - What is Spinal Cord Injury/Disorder? 

Facing Disability - Spinal Cord Injury Resources

Travis Roy Foundation 

Craig Hospital - SCI Resource Library

National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center

Paralyzed Veterans of America 

Move United - Adaptive Sports

Challenged Athletes Foundation - Adaptive Sports